120% Font Size Sharper Font Color

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this package you should be able to:

  • use a variety of reading skills to analyse and understand texts
  • distinguish the key features of different genres
  • identify connections between texts and select appropriate content for referencing
  • choose and check relevant useful items of vocabulary

Introduction to Independent Learning

Independent learning gives you more choice about what, when and how fast to study. It also prepares you to learn after you complete full time education.

In order to study independently you need to be able to set your own aims, choose how you want to study and reflect on the usefulness of studying that you do and on your overall progress.

Since you have chosen to study the ANALYSING READING TEXTS package, we can assume that you want to learn more about the subtleties of language through reading. These include expanding your vocabulary to develop a more sophisticated bank of words with which to express yourself, practicing reading skills such as skimming, scanning and inferring meaning from context, distinguishing fact from opinion and synthesizing content from a number of sources.

The activities in this package are designed to help you to develop an appreciation and enjoyment of reading so that it becomes something you look forward to doing rather than an arduous task you do in order to complete an assignment. But they are also designed to provide you with the practical skills to carry out research, extract relevant content and fuse reference material from different sources into a cohesive piece of academic writing.

How to use this package

Reading and activities

Clearly this is a very comprehensive package with a great deal of reading and a number of related activities so it is impractical and unnecessary to try to complete it in one go.

We advise you break up your study time into one or two texts each time you visit the site.

Here is an example of a study schedule that you could realistically keep to and which would guarantee you the most benefit for the most efficient use of your time.

Session Texts and Tasks
1 Introduction
TEXTS 1 & 2 – Tasks 1 & 2
2 TEXT 3 – Task 3
3 TEXTS 4 & 5 – Tasks 4 & 5
4 TEXT 6 – Task 6
5 TEXT 7 – Task 7 & Overview task


You will also see that in each text we have highlighted a number of words and expressions which we think are useful in helping you to

  • understand the content as well as to
  • expand your own vocabulary bank.

Please go to www.dictionary.com or www.thesaurus.com or use your own preferred dictionary/thesaurus to check the definitions and look for synonyms.

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Rating Form


Death of Kim Duk Koo

Kim Duk Koo was a successful South Korean boxer who died following a world championship boxing match against Ray Mancini. His death sparked a number of reforms in the sport aimed to better protect the health of fighters, including reducing the number of rounds in championship bouts from 15 to 12.

Kim had earned himself a shot at the world title having risen all the way to the number one lightweight contender spot though many boxing professionals doubted that he was a suitable match for his opponent. A superstar in South Korea, Kim was pitted against the intimidating WBA Lightweight World Champion, Ray “Boom Boom” Mancini. The fight was held at Caesars Palace in the open air on 13th November 1982.

This was a tremendously brutal bout, especially for Kim, who became increasingly fatigued in the latter rounds after absorbing extreme punishment from the champion. At the beginning of the 14th round, Mancini caught Kim with a devastating right hand that sent his opponent crashing to the canvas hitting his head in the process.

Kim staggered to his feet but referee Richard Green stopped the fight. Shortly after, Kim collapsed into a coma and was stretchered out of the ring and taken directly to the hospital in Las Vegas. Tragically four days later, the Korean star died from severe brain trauma.

Out of the hundreds of recorded ring fatalities, Kim’s death was one of the saddest. Ray Mancini, would never again be the same calibre fighter, and it was widely reported that he blamed himself for Kim’s death. Overcome with grief, Kim’s mother committed suicide three months after her son’s death by drinking a bottle of pesticide and the bout’s referee, Richard Green, also committed suicide shortly after the fight.

Despite the obvious tragedy surrounding the death of Kim Duk Koo, there has been a significant decline in ring fatalities since the early 1980’s and so perhaps the legacy that Kim Duk Koo leaves behind to this day is that he did not die in vain and that the sport that he loved is a safer sport.

(To watch an interview with Ray Mancini, go to http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24919484)




When reading, especially for research purposes, it is important to assess the integrity of the text. This is not simply a matter of investigating and establishing the credibility of the source of an article or paper, it can also involve analysing a text for the subtle manipulation of opinions as facts. This may or may not be intentional but either way you need to make sure that you do not take content at face value.

Ask yourself questions such as:

  • Does some of the content appear questionable in terms of reliability?
  • Is any of the content subjective, opinionated or emotive?
  • Do you notice any areas where the author is guiding the reader to make assumptions for which there is no clear evidence?
  • Are you, as a reader inferring consequences from the content based upon your own ideas and experience – your own schemata?
  • Is it clear that some of the content is a valuable referencing source but I have to be careful to recognise the fact from the opinion, the verifiable from the implied, the reality from the created.

Task 1

Read the Kim Duk Koo text and check the highlighted vocabulary. Then answer the following questions.

1. If you were writing a paper on head trauma in sport, would this be a useful and appropriate text to use as a reference? Consider the questions introduced in the Focus above.

2. Decide if these are statements of fact or opinion by clicking on the appropriate button.

3. Now having answered these questions, ask yourself again, if you were writing a paper on head trauma in sport, which parts of this article on the tragic death of Kim Duk Koo in 1982 be useful and appropriate to use as a reference?

Click the tabs to show contents.
Copyright© 2012-2015 UGC ICOSA Project, Hong Kong. All rights reserved.